Reid Passage is straight and deep with hazards marked and little current. No big deal to transit.
Lady Trutch Passage is not charted on any of my charts. showing only a kelp bed at the southern entrance. We have never ventured in there. The preferred route is through Perceval Narrows where you will want to check the the tide. I imagine that the current whistles through Lady Trutch Passage as it does through the Narrows.
Balagny Passage seems like adding an unneccessary hazard. I would go have a look in there if it was the only way to get to somewhere interesting but the preferred route is through Perrin Anchorage betwen Ivory Island and Watch Island which is bouyed and otherwise marked. If Balagny Passage is navigable it would make a convenient shortcut to avoid a large westerly sea at Ivory Island.
You got to very careful going through lady trutch, not bad going through there at high tide. Going through Balagny pass is very tricky to go through, high tide is the only way getting through there, have to stick close to the shore line on the right hand side going in there. I am from Bella Bella and go through there all the time, so look me up when you pass by here. The size of your boat and the depths maters going through theses areas. Davie Wilson